Capoeira Definitions

 
June 8, 2011
By Capoeira Universe


Definitions of Words used in Capoeira:

Abada
capoeira uniform; also a capoeira group
Academia
academy; capoeira school
Agogo
Two tone bell instrument
Aluno (m); Aluna (f)
Student
Angoleiro
Person who practices the Angola style of capoeira.
Angola
Traditional style of capoeira lower to the ground and usually played slower
Apellido
nickname
Arame
wire used as the single string on the berimbau
Arrastão
Literally means dragging. In capoeira, the term refers to a technique in which a capoeirista grabs both legs of his opponent and pulls them out.
Atabaque
Brazilian Drum
Ataque
Attack
Au
Cartwheel
Aviso
A berimbau beat
Axé
good energy; capoeira energy; life force
Bamba
a tough guy; capoeira expert; expert in physical sparring as well as wordplay
Baqueta
Stick used for playing the berimbau, by striking the arame
Bater
to beat
Bate-coxa
Bateria
band; capoeira orchestra made up of 3 berimbaus (a small, medium, and large sized one), 2 tambourines, 1 durm, a double bell and a bamboo scrapper.
Batizado
Literally meaning baptism, batizado is an initiation ceremony of capoeira in which a student received his/her first belt.
Batuque
a music and dance event
Berimbau
lead instrument in capoeira. Instrument made of bowed wood, a wire as the single string and a gourd as a rasonator.
Beriba
Wood used to make a Berimbau.
Cabaça
The gourd on a berimbau used as the instrument’s resonator
Camará
friend
Capoeira Angola
Traditional style of capoeira lower to the ground and usually played slower
Capoeira Regional
A style of capoeira associated with Mestre Bimba
Capoeira Contemporaneo
contemporary capoeira
Capoeirista
a person that does capoeira
Chamada
Literally a “call.” Chamadas are only used in Capoeira Angola
Cintura desprezada
Literally meaning hammer
Contramestre
an apprentice Mestre
Corpo fechado
closed body for physical defense
Corridos
songs with a call and response
Fundamentos
fundamentals
Gunga
berimbau with large cabaca
Iniciante
beginner
Jogo
game
Ladainha
(litany) a solo often sung by the most senior member present, usually the one playing lead berimbau
Martelo
Literally meaning hammer
Pandeiro
Brazilian tambourine
Saida
Exit
Samba
A popular Brazilian dance and rhythm
Santo
Saint
São
they are; saint
Sem
without
Roda
Circle; Circle of people in which capoeira is played
Reco Reco
Bamboo scrapper (instrument)
Tocar
to touch, to play an instrument.
Toque
rhythm
Verga
The bowed beriba wood of the Berimbau
Viola
A berimbau with a small cabaca or one with a high pitch.
Volta Ao Mundo
Literally ” Around the world” refers to the circling of the roda by both of the players inside the roda. Usually done when a player or players are tired or to “start over” or “change the conversation.”
Zumbi
Capoeira legend

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One Response to Capoeira Definitions

  1. Berimbau magazine | Grossadjusting on February 26, 2012 at 7:03 pm

    [...] Capoeira Definitions | Capoeira UniverseJun 8, 2011 … Cabaça: The gourd on a berimbau used as the instrument’s resonator … Magazine Basic theme designed by Themes by bavotasan.com. [...]

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